Welsh Place Names

Do some Welsh words and phrases leave you a bit tongue-tied? Then help is at hand!

When you drive around Wales and see signs such as 'Araf’, 'Ysgol’ or 'Ysbyty’ do you wonder what they mean? Do you live near Pontypridd, Gwaelod y Garth or Ynys-y-Bwl but have no idea how to get your tongue around the pronunciation and want to understand their meaning?

Then take a look at this list of Welsh place names and terms, and learn how to pronounce them correctly and confidently.

Place names (phonetically)

Caerdydd : Cardiff : kur-deethe 
Coed Duon : Blackwood :koid Dee-on
Gwaelod y Garth : Gway-lod er gaRRth
Glyn Ebwy : Ebbw Vale :Glinn eb-boo-ee
Llanhari : HLLan Harry
Pentre Bach : Pen-treb-baaKH
Pontypridd : Pon-ter-preethe
Pentre’r Eglwys : Church Village : Pen-trerreg Lewis
Rhydfelin : RRHeed-vellin 
Trefforest : Treff Ffor-rest
Tonyrefail: Tonna Rev-vile

Terms

aber : estuary, confluence 
afon : river 
betws : chapel 
blaen, blaenau : source(s) of stream, high land 
castell : castle 
cwm : valley 
dinas : city 
dyffryn : valley 
eglwys : church 
garth : promontory 
glan : riverbank 
môr : sea 
nant : brook, small valley 
pant : hollow, valley 
pont : bridge 
porth : harbour, gateway 
rhyd : ford 
traeth : beach 
tref: village
ynys : island 
ysbyty : hospital 
ysgol : school 
ystrad : valley 

Out and about signs

Araf : Slow : arav
Cymru : Wales : kumm-ri
Dim mynediad : No entry : dim munned-yad
Dynion : Gentlemen : dunny-onn
Gorsaf : Station : gorsav
Heddlu : Police : hethlee
Merched : Ladies : mear-kedd
Prifysgol : University : preev-uhskol
Toiledau : Toilets : toy-led-eye
Ysbyty : Hospital : uss-butty



daffodils